15 October 2018

I got my Liberty License

JMJ

The Readings for the memorial of St Theresa of Avila, Doctor of the Church
Monday in the 28th Week of Ordinary Time (B2)
Itaque, fratres, non sumus ancillae filii, sed liberae : qua libertate Christus nos liberavit. State, et nolite iterum jugo servitutis contineri.
So then, brethren, we are not the children of the bondwoman, but of the free: by the freedom wherewith Christ has made us free. Stand fast, and be not held again under the yoke of bondage. 

Paul does some strange things with his argument and I want it to be evident:

Abraham had two sons. God promised him a son, but because of human concupiscence, Abraham was impatient and slept with his slave woman, Hagar. She bore him a son. Then the promised child was born to his wife, Sarah. He drove out the slave woman, again because of human sin: his wife was jealous. But God saved that child as well. Of Sarah by Isaac came all the tribes of Israel. Of Hagar, the slave, came by way of Ishmael, all the gentile tribes of the middle east.

It should be evident that the Ishmaelite tribes of gentiles were not under the law of Moses while the Israelite tribes were under the law. Yet Paul uses these same tags of Israelites and Ishmaelites to describe the Freedom of Christians (Israelites) as compared to the slavery of those under the law (Ishmaelites). It's an interesting rhetorical inversion, a literal head-over-heels, topsy-turvy place where suddenly Jews who reject Messiah become gentiles while the Gentiles who accept the Messiah are plugged into the New Covenant along with the Jews.

But Paul is making this argument to say Christians are not under the law...

One, however, would be a fool if one imagined that Paul is saying there are no rules for Christians. I've been a fool like that. My freshman year in College was spent at a small, evangelical Christian school in down-state New York. We had a pledge we had to sign, saying we'd not drink, dance, smoke, join secretive oath-bound organizations, or use traditional playing cards.  (Those were the words... clearly playing poker with Tarot cards was fine... and while we were not allowed to join Greek-Letter fraternities, the number of professors/alumni/administrators who were Freemasons was actually astonishing.) So, we had this pledge. And in October of my freshman year I wrote a long letter to the student paper referencing - among other passages - this bit from Galatians to say we didn't need to follow any rules.

I made the classic mistake of confusing Liberty in Christ for License to sin.

Sin is actually slavery. We are trapped in our own brains, in our own lusts, in our own desires. We cannot be the self-giving, the self-slaying, the self-sacrificing images of God that we're intended to be. We are set free...

We are only free if we flow in the will of God. This is what Paul is saying. For the covenant of Sinai was the will of God - but no more. Paul invites his readers to move into the new covenant of freedom in the will of God. But not "there are no rules".

Our modern Secularizers are telling us this. That religious rules that impact "freedom" (by which they mean license) must be done away with. They are seeking to enslave us to the world, the flesh, and the devil while calling evil things good, things of darkness as things of light. 

The Men of Nineveh - who heard a few whispers from Jonah and repented - will rise up and condemn us, for we hear the preaching of God himself, and yet persist in our sins and even demand that the Church change to accommodate us.

12 October 2018

An Ontological Illusion.

JMJ

The Readings for Saturday in the 27th Week of Ordinary Time (B2)
Quicumque enim in Christo baptizati estis, Christum induistis. Non est Judaeus, neque Graecus : non est servus, neque liber : non est masculus, neque femina. Omnes enim vos unum estis in Christo Jesu.
For as many of you as have been baptized in Christ, have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek: there is neither bond nor free: there is neither male nor female. For you are all one in Christ Jesus. 

This is not a passage about social justice. 
At all. Forgive me that I have, often, fallen into this as well.

Every day a devout Jewish Man would wake and say these three blessings (among many others):


ברוך אתה יי' אלהינו מלך העולם שלא עשני גוי
ברוך אתה יי' אלהינו מלך העולם שלא עשני אשה
ברוך אתה יי' אלהינו מלך העולם שלא עשני עבד


Baruch Atah ha-shem, elohenu melekh ha-olam she-lo esani goy.
Blessed are you, Lord, Our God, King of the universe who has not made me a gentile.
Baruch Atah ha-shem, elohenu melekh ha-olam she-lo esani isha.
Blessed are you, Lord, Our God, King of the universe who has not made me a woman.
Baruch Atah ha-shem, elohenu melekh ha-olam she-lo esani eved.
Blessed are you, Lord, Our God, King of the universe who has not made me a slave.

Thus a Jewish Man, bound to the obligations of the Torah and the Covenant, thanks God (blesses him) for giving him this heavy duty. Which was no onerous task, but rather an honor.  I'm not a gentile, so I have this duty. I'm not a woman, so I'm not excused from this duty (as by child birth, or other womanly functions). I'm not a slave, so I am free to fulfill these tasks. It can sound flaunty, or even triumphant, but a slave or a woman is excused from some duties of the Torah. A gentile is not obligated to any of them at all. A Jewish man must adhere to the whole thing - and if not in his person, than in the persons of his family for whom he is responsible.

Blessed are you... indeed. That's a way to wake up.



Here St Paul turns those blessings on their head. He says everyone who has been baptized into Christ has put on Christ... and that all divisions have ceased.

Neither Jew nor Greek (Gentile), Neither slave nor free. Neither male...

Paul's whole argument is against dividing the community. Don't break off into cliques, don't use the world's titles for you to divide yourselves. Don't use the world's titles to define yourselves. And he uses quite a list:

Jew and Gentile is a primary division in the Jewish world. (Most Gentiles did/do not care.) Slave and free is a primary division in the Gentile world, though. Even being a former slave or the child of former slaves is a blot against one in the Roman world.
Then Paul throws a twist in the phrase, he does not say, in Greek, there is neither male nor female for that biological division God is credited with making in the beginning - before there were Jews, before there were slaves.

What he does say in Greek is There is neither male and female. And as the Jew/Goy line is intended for his Jewish readers and as the Slave/Free line is intended for his Roman readers, Male+Female is intended for all... Paul is saying none of the divisions we see in the world matter. 

Even the most primary of divisions that has been since the beginning of the world - since Genesis 1:27, actually where the phrase "male and female" is also used - this division is now healed. We are all now, in the Body of Christ, made into the New Man, the New Adam, which is Jesus himself. We are not to stand opposed in anyway, one tribe against another, one class against another, nor even one sex against another. In Christ, the curse of the Garden is undone. "...thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee."

The Morning Blessings that established one's Identity in the world are null. One's only identity now, in Baptism, is Jesus. The only thing that matters now is this: 

In baptism, we have put on Christ Jesus and are all one in him.

As I noted at the top of the week, I'm reading Galatians now not as if the Judaizers, as they were called, are trying again to graft the Jewish Torah back into Christianity (as they were in Paul's day) but rather as if we might be dealing with "secularizers" who are trying to graft some other alien structure into Christianity. There are those who want to graft in "White American Capitalist Republican" in here. There are those who don't really care about anything in there but "White". There are those who seek to graft in other social divisions, based on class, sex, desires, race... all the things we use in our "Identity Politics" are irrelevant.

If we are baptized into Christ, all are one in Christ. Coming into the Church we have to give all that up. Obviously it does not end: even in St Paul's day, one was still either a salve or a free person. But the division, the failure of unity, is no longer real. Again, this is not a teaching on Social Justice. This is a radical teaching on the unity of the Church, a radical reformation of who you are. St John Chrysostom says, 
If Christ be the Son of God, and thou hast put on Him, thou who hast the Son within thee, and art fashioned after His pattern, hast been brought into one kindred and nature with Him... he does not stop there, but tries to find something more exact, which may serve to convey a still closer oneness with Christ. Having said, “ye have put on Christ,” even this does not suffice Him, but by way of penetrating more deeply into this union, he comments on it thus: “Ye are all One in Christ Jesus,” that is, ye have all one form and one mould, even Christ’s. What can be more awful than these words! He that was a Greek, or Jew, or bond-man yesterday, carries about with him the form, not of an Angel or Archangel, but of the Lord of all, yea displays in his own person the Christ. Source
Those who are not so baptized may do as needed or wished. This is not about their choices or lives. 

Those who are initiated by those holy waters into Christ "display in their own person the Christ" and all those other bits are mere labels we add to ourselves are only so much mammon to be tossed out, ignored.

This holds true in other places like Romans, where Paul begins to note lists of sins not as "noun/verb/object" phrases, but as verbal nouns: people whose very identity has become the doing of something. Paul says that won't work any more. In fact he says if we hang up our "identity" in the doing of something, we're damned. Only a human being can become a Christian. These other labels prevent that. We have in the mystery of Baptism (and in the Mystery of the Holy Eucharist, and in the Mystery of Matrimony...) literally bounded ourselves to the Messiah not in the abandonment of ourselves, but in the fulfillment of ourselves. We free ourselves from false "identities", from illusions of selfhood, and become how God made us to be.

No longer let us say "Blessed are you Lord for having made me not like all these other folks..." but rather let us say, "Lord, I am not worthy that you should enter under the roof of the house of my soul... but enter and make me yours. Make me you."



10 October 2018

What Spirit is We Should Be.

JMJ

The Readings for Thursday in the 27th Week of Ordinary Time (B2)
O insensati Galatae, quis vos fascinavit non obedire veritati, ante quorum oculos Jesus Christus praescriptus est, in vobis crucifixus? Sic stulti estis, ut cum Spiritu coeperitis, nunc carne consummemini?
O senseless Galatians, who hath bewitched you that you should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been set forth, crucified among you? Are you so foolish, that, whereas you began in the Spirit, you would now be made perfect by the flesh?

We begin with the Spirit... but we think we can fix it all with the flesh.

Remember: we're the Galatians in this reading. We have heard the Gospel. We know the message of salvation, of forgiveness, of healing. We know freedom from the three primary failures of the World, the Flesh, and the Devil. But when someone comes along that preaches a "Gospel" more pleasing, one that makes it easier just to get along, one that gives us the freedom to cave in (just a little, ok?) to the World, or the Flesh, or the Devil... only just a little... Instantly we go after that one. We begin with the Spirit, yes. But the Spirit is hard, very hard. I think we get tired. We don't want to keep trying.

If Paul was writing on the Internet, this would be typed with caps lock ON. O INSENSATI GALATÆ. I think the AV and the RSV get it a little better here:

O FOOLISH GALATIANS! WHO HAS BEWITCHED YOU?

Who has tricked you into thinking that there needs to be a compromise (in the name of "RELEVANCY") with the world? Who lured you into accepting a different Gospel than the one that Christ won for us, the one the Apostles preached to us, the one the Church has held for 2,000 years? It is a long, hard journey to Sainthood, but we are all called to it.

Paul's references to the "works of the law" are important for - as I noted on Monday - he was talking about something old being brought into the newness of life found in the Gospel. But our law, our modern rules, seem new to us: we've only just invented these modern ideas of what is no longer sinful. We've only just discovered that we could make our own rules and no one else had the right to tell us otherwise.

Foolish Galatians, every last one of us.

For Satan was telling those very lies in the Garden of Eden. Pagans, Gentiles, and even Jews and Christians from all over the world and through all of history have taught those very things. We are still weaving something very old brought into the newness of life.

And that old message has always.

Always.

Always.

Led away from the faith.

Our Modern Laws, our "newly discovered truths" are the same lies we've always heard whispered. "Your eyes will be opened, and ye will become as gods yourselves, knowing good from evil."

Who has bewitched us?

We have bewitched ourselves into accepting the easy path. The harder path is the Gospel.


(The Waterboys Spirit)

Don't Dubia The Import of This

JMJ

The Readings for Wednesday in the 27th Week of Ordinary Time (B2)


Cum autem venisset Cephas Antiochiam, in faciem ei restiti, quia reprehensibilis erat.
But when Cephas was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed. 

Paul has spent the better part of the first chapter (and some bits of chapter 2) laying out his bona fides. He's legit. Yes, he had a private revelation, but he took it to the Church in Jerusalem and they all backed him up - Peter, James, and John. That is to say the inner circle inside the College of Apostles. They agreed with him, with his message, and his reaching out to the Gentiles. You can read about this in the book of Acts. The Council of Jerusalem was formative - not only for the early Church, but for the next 2,000 years.

And yet, a short time later, when Peter shows up, he tries to back-track. And Paul gives him what-for. Yes, he's still Peter. And yes, he's still the head of the Church, the Rock. In fact Paul plays up that fact in this passage, calling him "Cephas" (which is "Rock" or "Peter" in Aramaic).  And so here, the Rock, is wrong. And the other Apostles do not fear to call him out. It's ok. It's ok to note when the leader is wrong.

I hear, lately, a lot of folks saying that we can't question the Pope. Oddly enough, these tend to be Pro-whichever Pope is in office folks. The Tradies liked Benedict. The Liberals like Francis. So when someone might criticize a speaking engagement of one or the other Pope (or of St John Paul II, Bl Paul VI, St John XXIII, or Pius X - XII, etc) the reaction is sadly predictable along party lines.

And yet Paul stand up and says, in faciem ei restiti, quia reprehensibilis erat. I got up in Peter's face because he was wrong.

The Papal Defenders seem to think that questioning the Pope and actually, you know, expecting an answer, is wrong. Those asking questions seem to think failure to ask would be a greater sin. Taking as a given the best intentions on the part of both the askers and the asked (we are Christians, after all), one has to assume that there are good reasons for concern when otherwise obedient sons and daughters stand up, with apostolic fervor, and get in Peter's face.


08 October 2018

Stanley & Becoming a (Lay) Dominican (Tertiary)

+JMJ+

I'm too old. Roman Catholic orders want young men. They all seem to max out at guys 15 years younger than me. Some don't want guys more than 20 years younger than me. This is a sad reality for me. For while my experience in a monastery proved to me I wanted to try in another community rather quickly, it also proved to me that I was not yet at home. When Coming Home to Rome, as they say, a community, a rule of life, a structure of prayer and study was also needed. But I'm too old to be welcomed in the religious orders that I might like. So it was that when - last year - I thought I'd found one that might be a fit, after sniffing around the edges for a while I realized they made Fr James Martin look very conservative. And decided that wasn't a good match. All this by way of back story...


When I was moving back to SF in 2016 I asked Twitter for Church recommendations. Given my home and my job my only concern was that I should be able to get between house, Mass, and work rather easily. So there was this tweet. It posted moments after Fr Thomas Petri had tweeted something, if I remember correctly, about reading his Midday Office on California's famous Hwy 1, overlooking the Pacific while on a drive away from San Francisco.  Someone pointed out this coincidence and said, "Go to St Dominic's".  Looking on a map, St D's was one bus ride away from both work and home. I had also heard of St Dom's in two very different contexts prior to that - but both were good, prayerful connections. St Dominic's had a daily mass and also had daily morning and evening prayer. And so it seemed as though it was good to the Holy Spirit, to Twitter, and me at the same time. I arrived at St Dominic's on the Saturday before the 2nd Sunday of Advent, 2016. And, I've been told, 3 days later I moved in.


There have been places that felt like home before but somehow this is home in ways beyond description. In time past I've needed to be invited, to wait. It felt as if hesitation was proper until something was needed; on;y then putting myself forward. (This is the case in most of my world, to be honest.) At St Dom's though, I had put my hand to the plough and there was no looking back. This is a sign of growing up, perhaps. Also "Convert glee". It's also a sign of dealing with internal demons. But something at St Dominic's keeps not only calling me out, but also giving me the courage to act.


So it was that when it was announced there was a chapter forming at St Dominic's I craved admission. (There are many names: Dominican Laity, Lay Dominicans, Dominican Tertiaries, Third Order Dominicans, Lay Fraternity.) The Dominican charism of Preaching, based on a foundation of Prayer, Community, and Study, of Contemplation and taking the fruits of the Contemplation to the World... these all resonated with my journey, my blogging, my teaching... there was connection here that begged for exploration and deeper digging.


Discernment is a process, an action verb. To begin this there was first required an entrance (there are a total of at least five years of formation). Except to be admitted as an Inquirer, one needed to have been a practicing Catholic for two years. It had only been 6 months since swimming the Tiber. But I asked for a dispensation: the reason is because Orthodox are considered Catholics - a favor not returned, usually - so by Church teaching I had been a curious form of Catholic since my Chrismation in 2002, albeit a cranky, anti-western one for a large part of that time. The Church moving slowly, the dispensation did not arrive until about 2/3 of the way through the first year. But it did come through and so, lo, there's a Dominican Journey happening.


And now there's another step: candidacy. In terms of monastic parallels, it is candidacy rather than inquirer that is like my time as a novice at St Laurence's. One is a Candidate for at least a year and also there's a new name. I've had so many new names in my life... although the last one - Dunstan - I gave back. Any saint is ok, but if there is not a Dominican connection, there also needs to be a Dominican name picked. 


So, my Dominican saint is Robert: for Blessed Robert Nutter, a Dominican Martyr under the English Crown. A devotion to the English martyrs began while I was at St Laurence's Monastery. As I cleaned I would listen to the life of St Edmund Campion, and the other stories of that time - including R.H. Benson's brilliant Come Rack! Come Rope! Considering how much Anglicans - and thus a certain species of WR Orthodox - lionize the English Reformation and the English Monarchs, it's really an embarrassment to realize their greatest gift to the western Church was a huge passel of martyrs and some good hymnody. Also furthering this devotion an ancestor, Blessed William Richardson, is another of the English Martyrs. So, Robert Nutter: who may or may not have been an actual Dominican Friar. But was attached to the Order in some way - possibly as a priest received in, or as a member of the priestly fraternity which would make him a tertiary. This is purported to be a holy card... but although the hagiographic elements are correct, the time is all wrong. I've seen the same image linked with other Dominican Martyrs. But  ok:




Stanley, however, for Blessed Stanley Rother, is the name I'm picking. The first time I saw this image of Stanley Rother, at his beatification, something reached out and touched my heart.




Both Stanley and Robert received martyr crowns via the hands of people we tend to lionize: Robert was slain under Elizabeth I. And Stanley was martyred by right-wing hit squads in Guatemala, enjoying the patronage of the School of the Americas and Our Glorious Leader, Ronald Reagan. Both men are one of several martyrs created by the same politician. Both men seem models (along with Blessed William) of the sort of Catholic men we need today: willing to go the extra mile, to endure rough life consequences, to live in bad political situations standing athwart the accepted leaders' intentions, and, in the end, to die for the faith if needed.  Both men knew that when the leader goes bad, the Church must stand with the people. Both men knew the dignity of the human person stood above the secular government, and that human rights proceed from God - not from Caesar. Both men knew the Church's ministry to her people must continue at any cost. Since Reagan, we've continued to have some pretty bad leaders in this country and I can't imagine them getting better. That's not the way the political landscape works. We need men like this to guide us in our prayers and to intercede for us in heaven.

This seems like a good fit. In term of Signal Graces and Peace of Mind, and even mad passionate love, this feels like the right thing. Yes: post-conversion bliss, and also a few other things, but also, peace. Also: the age thing is not important.

I've a personal reason to pick this name as well: Stanley is the middle name of my stepfather and his father also. The Church needs more men like them also: faithful, loving, caring, generous to a fault, strong, centered in Christ, and good at raising kids (who are anything but good, most of the time). While Richardson is from my Mom's side, Stanley is from Dad's side.  This Candidacy Year begins on the 10th of November at the 5:30 Mass, if you're around (or about and about) I welcome your prayers.

Update: This showed up, a new video about Blessed Stanley Rother.


07 October 2018

Sit Anathema Sit

JMJ

The Readings for Monday in the 27th Week of Ordinary Time (B2)
Si quis vobis evangelizaverit praeter id quod accepistis, anathema sit.
If any one preach to you a gospel, besides that which you have received, let him be anathema.

Paul is reaching out to the Galatian churches. (Galatians = Gauls = Celts living in Asia Minor... ) Paul is hurt and angry that people to whom he, himself, has taught the Faith are being hoodwinked by false teachers. These false teachers are showing up and telling all of Paul's Gentile converts that - contrary to Church teaching - in order to really be a Christian, one must first be a Jew. Men have to be circumcised, folks must keep kosher (as it was then understood), no working on the Sabbath, etc.

This argument may seem arcane to us, and perhaps a bit of "uber-geekery": in fact it's very important as the problem persisted well into the days of the Christian empire. It persists even today, with folks not only asking why Christians don't follow Jewish Customs, but actually teaching that we should, even demanding it. Although these are often rather recent protestant movements (none are really older than the last 100 years), a Catholic parallel might be to see these other preachers as the sedevacantists movement of their day. They were so convinced the Church was wrong that they totally denied the validity of what was being taught.

Paul was convinced that these folks were going to lead his Baby Christians astray. Taking that parallel as valid, though, (and you can stop here if you don't) I don't think were in any danger of having a sedevacantist takeove of the Church. I don't think we even need to fear a Trady Tradboy take over of the Church. The other end of the Spectrum gets very Sede too, however.

The liberals reject the teaching of the church as much as the conservatives. The left side of the nave drifts into sedevacantist thought just as quickly as the right. And, especially here in America, but also in Europe and Australia, it is this side that is leading the Church astray into another Gospel.

The folks advocating for inclusion of the gay agenda in the Church, the folks advocating for ordaining women are not the dangerous ones, to be honest. Both of those would take serious movements  in the hierarchy to accomplish. In order to change the teaching of the Church on sex and sexuality, for example, the Church would literally have to claim a new revelation.

The dangerous folks though, the sedevacantists, are the ones who say - even with out a change - let's ignore the Church and do our own thing.

These folks are all over the Church. They quietly ignore church teachings and advise others to do so. When challenged they (rightly) reply they have never taught against the Church. But rather than mis-stating the truth, they have not stated it at all. They have not "made folks uncomfortable". They have "accompanied them" and have passed along their own lukewarm faith. They are in pulpits, and teaching positions, leadership roles, and the hierarchy all over the place. (The same is true among Protestants and Orthodox as well.)

The easiest disguise for these folks is secular politics. They create red herrings out of secular political issues and accuse each other of failing to live up to the Gospel of Peach by fighting with their brothers and sisters over political disagreements. They move towards embracing the "sexual revolution" and accuse others of being sexists. They move towards rejecting church teachings on economics and accuse others of being communists. They reject church teachings on peace and accuse others of not being patriots. They want the secular gov't to do something specific (which may be a moral good), but refuse to see that the Christian faith may move others to do the same thing by another route.

These folks are preaching another Gospel. They are not adding to the Gospel new rules like St Paul's opponents, but rather they are leaving out huge and important parts of the Gospel. As we move through Galatians, I think it will be possible to speak of these new sedevacantists as well. Paul was worried about Judaizers. We must worry about Secularizers. Same heresy, but now Blue instead of Red. Anathema Sit, anyway.

“When many Christians will be lovers of heresies, and wicked men will persecute the clergy and trample spirituality and justice under foot, this should be the sign that Antichrist shall come without delay.”
St Birgitta (Briget) of Sweden

200 Mysteries

JMJ

Rosary Sunday (Our Lady of Victory)

This is a special feast for the Dominicans: it even trumps Sunday. That said, I don't know the readings for today. The Rosary is a compendium of the entire Gospel. In prayer it unites us with Christ, it unites us with his mother, the first of the Praying members of the Church. It unites the Church in petition to God the Father and it defeats the hosts of the heathen in our hearts, in our actions, in Lepanto, and anywhere else they may be.

The Mysteries of Joy

I. The Annunciation.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God...

  1. ... betrothed of Joseph...
  2. ... in the house of Nazareth...
  3. ... greeted by the Archangel Gabriel...
  4. ... pondering his words of greeting...
  5. ... hearing that you might have a child...
  6. ... asking how this shall be...
  7. ... hearing the Holy Spirit will overshadow you...
  8. ... hearing of your cousin Elizabeth...
  9. ... consenting to cooperate in God's plan...
  10. ... conceiving God in your womb...
...pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.


II The Visitation.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God...

  1. ... leaving the house in Nazareth...
  2. ... going into the hill country to visit your cousin...
  3. ... greeted by Elizabeth...
  4. ... pondering her words of greeting...
  5. ... seeing she who was too old now great with child...
  6. ... from whose womb God greeted his forerunner...
  7. ... filled with the Holy Spirit...
  8. ... moved to magnify God in song...
  9. ... helping Elizabeth to bear her son John...
  10. ... carrying God in your womb...
...pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.

III The Nativity.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God...

  1. ... leaving Nazareth with your betrothed...
  2. ... traveling through the country to Bethlehem...
  3. ... rejected by all in Bethlehem...
  4. ... taking shelter in a cave with a manger...
  5. ... whose birthgiving made a cave a shrine...
  6. ... whose birthgiving made a trough a throne...
  7. ... whose birthgiving was hymned by angels...
  8. ... whose birthgiving was adored by shepherds...
  9. ... whose birthgiving was worshiped by kings...
  10. ... who bore for us God the word...
...pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.

IV The Presentation.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God...

  1. ... leaving Bethlehem with your child...
  2. ... traveling to Jerusalem with your family...
  3. ... the ark bringing God to his Temple...
  4. ... obeying with God the covenant he made...
  5. ... greeted by Simeon...
  6. ... hearing your Son would be a sign of contradiction...
  7. ... hearing your Son would cause the rise and fall of many in Israel...
  8. ... hearing a sword would pierce your heart...
  9. ... greeted by the Prophetess, Anna...
  10. ... pondering all this in your heart...
...pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.

V The Finding in the Temple.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God...

  1. ... leaving Nazareth with your family...
  2. ... traveling to Jerusalem to keep the Passover...
  3. ... obeying with God the covenant he made...
  4. ... leaving Jerusalem with your husband...
  5. ... finding the Child Jesus is not with you...
  6. ... searching for him everywhere...
  7. ... finding him after three days...
  8. ... asking him why he has treated you thus...
  9. ... hearing he was about his Father's business ...
  10. ... to whom God was subject as an obedient child...
...pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.

The Mysteries of Light

VI. The Baptism.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus...

  1. ... leaving home in Nazareth...
  2. ... traveling to the trans-Jordan...
  3. ... entering the water...
  4. ... hearing John ask for baptism...
  5. ... telling John "we must fulfill all righteousness"...
  6. ... God, baptized by the servant he had made...
  7. ... on whom the Holy Spirit descended like a dove...
  8. ... of whom a voice from heaven said "this is my beloved son"...
  9. ... whom John named the Lamb of God...
  10. ... led of the Spirit into the Desert...
...Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.

VII. The Wedding at Cana.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus...

  1. ... Holy Mary, Mother of God, leaving home in Nazareth...
  2. ... Holy Mary, Mother of God, invited to a wedding at Cana in Galilee...
  3. ... Holy Mary, Mother of God, coming with your Son and his Disciples...
  4. ... Holy Mary, Mother of God, concerned because your friends had run out of wine...
  5. ... Holy Mary, Mother of God, telling Jesus...
  6. ... Holy Mary, Mother of God, hearing your son ask what is this to us? ...
  7. ... Holy Mary, Mother of God saying "do what ever he tells you"...
  8. ... telling the servants to fill jugs with water. Holy Mary, Mother of God...
  9. ... changing the water into wine for the feast. Holy Mary, Mother of God...
  10. ... the best wine, brought to Israel when all wine has run out. Holy Mary, Mother of God...
...pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.

VIII. Preaching the Kingdom.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus...
  1. ... proclaiming the Good News of the Kingdom of God...
  2. ... feasting with sinners...
  3. ... healing the sick...
  4. ... casting out demons...
  5. ... making the blind to see...
  6. ... making the deaf to hear ...
  7. ... making the dumb to speak...
  8. ... raising the dead...
  9. ... forgiving sins...
  10. ... restoring communion...
...Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.

IX. The Transfiguration.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus...
  1. ... calling to himself Peter, James, and John...
  2. ... going to Mt Tabor in Galilee...
  3. ... transfigured before them...
  4. ... his face shining with light...
  5. ... his clothes more white than any fuller could make...
  6. ... speaking with Moses and Elijah ...
  7. ... whose apostles were terrified...
  8. ... overshadowed by a cloud...
  9. ... of whom a voice said, this is my beloved son, hear him...
  10. ... telling Peter, James, and John not to say anything until after the Resurrection...
...Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.

X. The Eucharist.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus...
  1. ... going to Jerusalem for the Passover...
  2. ... sending his disciples ahead to prepare a place...
  3. ... coming to the upper room...
  4. ... washing the feet of his apostles...
  5. ... taking bread, blessing, and breaking it...
  6. ... giving his body to his disciples and through them to us...
  7. ... taking the cup and blessing it...
  8. ... giving his blood to his disciples and through them to us...
  9. ... commanding us to do this in memory of him...
  10. ... sending Judas out into the night...
...Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.

The Mysteries of Sorrow

XI. The Garden.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus...

  1. ... coming to a garden with his disciples...
  2. ... calling Peter, James, and John to come with him further in...
  3. ... withdrawing a bit from them to pray...
  4. ... finding them asleep and gently rebuking them...
  5. ... begging that this cup might pass from him...
  6. ... finding them asleep and gently rebuking them...
  7. ... sweating blood...
  8. ... praying not my will, Father, but thine...
  9. ... waking his disciples...
  10. ... betrayed by a kiss from Judas and arrested...
...Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.

XII. The Pillory.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus...

  1. ... tried by Pilate and sentenced to scourging...
  2. ... led away by soldiers...
  3. ... stripped of all his garments...
  4. ... bound to the pillar...
  5. ... lashed with leaded whips...
  6. ... lashed with leaded whips until he was ripped open...
  7. ... lashed with leaded whips until he was ripped open and the blood freely flowed...
  8. ... wounded on all parts of his flesh...
  9. ... cut down from the pillar...
  10. ... collapsing wounded onto the dirt...
...Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.

XIII. The Crowning.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus...

  1. ... passed out on the ground...
  2. ... kicked by soldiers...
  3. ... slapped by soldiers...
  4. ... spit upon by soldiers...
  5. ... dressed by soldiers in a purple robe...
  6. ... crowned with a plaited, thorny crown...
  7. ... mockingly hailed as King of the Jews by soldiers...
  8. ... returned to Pilate...
  9. ... whom Pilate condemned to death at the request of the mob...
  10. ... whom condemning, Pilate released Barabbas...
...Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.

XIV. The Carrying.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus...

  1. ... Given his cross to bear...
  2. ... falling to the ground...
  3. ... carrying his cross...
  4. ... consoling the women of Jerusalem...
  5. ... falling to the ground...
  6. ... whose face was wiped by Veronica...
  7. ... whose cross was shared by Simon...
  8. ... greeting you, his mother...
  9. ... falling a final time...
  10. ... coming to the hill of Golgatha...
...Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.

XV. The Cross.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus...

  1. ... arriving at Calvary...
  2. ... stripped of his garments, ripping open his wounds...
  3. ... stretched onto the hard wood of the Cross...
  4. ... his hands and feet were pierced...
  5. ... whose cross was raised...
  6. ... mocked by one thief, hailed by the other...
  7. ... seeing you and his beloved friend...
  8. ... commending you to his disciple and all of us to you as our mother...
  9. ... who cried out, "It is finished"...
  10. ... who died upon the cross...
...Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.

The Mysteries of Glory

XVI. The Resurrection.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus...

  1. ... trampling down death by death...
  2. ... harrowing hell, raising our first parents together with all the righteous...
  3. ... greeting Joseph in Hades and taking him to Heaven...
  4. ... greeting the women in the garden...
  5. ... greeting Mary Magdalene in peace...
  6. ... greeting you in love and joy...
  7. ... greeting Peter in forgiveness...
  8. ... greeting the Disciples in teaching and the breaking of bread...
  9. ... greeting the Apostles in surprise...
  10. ... greeting Thomas in truth...
...Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.

XVII. The Ascension.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus...

  1. ... calling his Disciples to Galilee...
  2. ... worshiped by his Disciples even though some doubted...
  3. ... to whom all power in heaven and on earth has been given...
  4. ... sending his Apostles out into all the world...
  5. ... sending his Apostles out into all the world to preach the Gospel...
  6. ... sending his Apostles out into all the world to baptize all nations...
  7. ... sending his Apostles out into all the world to make disciples of all...
  8. ... promising to be with us until the end of all ages...
  9. ... ascending to heaven to sit at the Father's right...
  10. ... who will return in the same way to us...
...Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.

XVIII. The Descent of the Holy Spirit.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus...

  1. ... commanding all his people to gather in prayer...
  2. ... present whenever two are three are gathered in his name...
  3. ... sending to his Church the Holy Spirit...
  4. ... sending to his Church the Holy Spirit from the bosom of the Father...
  5. ... sending to his Church the Holy Spirit resting in him...
  6. ... sending to his Church the Holy Spirit in tongues of fire...
  7. ... sending to his Church the Holy Spirit with the power of speech...
  8. ... sending to his Church the Holy Spirit uniting all tongues divided at Babel...
  9. ... sending to his Church the Holy Spirit to fill us with Life...
  10. ... sending to his Church the Holy Spirit uniting us as his Body in the world...
...Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.

XIX. The Death of Mary.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God...

  1. ... coming to the end to your life...
  2. ... asking to be buried in Gethsemane...
  3. ... asking your Son to bring the Disciples, your sons, to you...
  4. ... receiving ten Apostles in joy...
  5. ... parting to your Son...
  6. ... leaving the Church in sadness...
  7. ... born to your tomb in Gethsemane...
  8. ... whom Thomas, arriving late, begged to see one last time...
  9. ... when they opened the tomb you were gone, leaving only roses...
  10. ... sitting at the right hand of your Son, full of grace in body and soul...
...pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.

XX. The Coronation of Mary.

Hail Mary full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God...

  1. ... Queen of Angels...
  2. ... Queen of Patriarchs...
  3. ... Queen of Prophets...
  4. ... Queen of Apostles...
  5. ... Queen of Martyrs...
  6. ... Queen of Confessors...
  7. ... Queen of Virgins...
  8. ... Queen of All the Saints...
  9. ... Queen of the Family...
  10. ... Queen of Peace...
...pray for us sinners now, and at the hour of our death.